Die Backgammon Aufstellung ist symmetrisch. Gespielt wird mit 15 weissen respektive schwarzen Steinen. Auf dem 1. bzw. Point liegen zwei. Startaufstellung der Blots. Welche Fachbegriffe sollte man bei. Spielbrett und Grundaufstellung. Das Spielbrett besteht aus 24 "Punkten" (auch Felder/Zungen/Points genannt), auf.
Spielregeln Backgammon:Es zeigt ein Brett mit den Steinen in ihrer Startposition. Eine andere Anordnung ist entgegengesetzt dieser mit dem Heimfeld auf der linken Seite und dem. Die Backgammon Aufstellung ist symmetrisch. Gespielt wird mit 15 weissen respektive schwarzen Steinen. Auf dem 1. bzw. Point liegen zwei. Spielanleitung/Spielregeln Backgammon (Anleitung/Regel/Regeln), BrettspielNetz.
Backgammon Aufstellung Start Juego de Backgammon VideoBeginner Tutorial: How To Play Backgammon Backgammon Aufstellung & Spielausstattung. Für den Backgammon Start und das Set up benötigt man ein Spielbrett, bspw. in einem Backgammon Koffer, Fünfzehn helle und fünfzehn dunkle Spielsteine (Blots), Zwei Paar Augenwürfel sowie einen Dopplungs-Würfel. Die Anordning, Aufstellung, bzw. der Aufbau von Backgammon sieht bei der Grundaufstellung/Startaufstellung wie folgt aus. Before you start playing the game in earnest, be sure to lay out your board like this. About the Book Author Chris Bray has been playing backgammon for over 30 years, and started writing a weekly backgammon column for The Independent newspaper in Backgammon requires you to move your checkers after a roll of two dice. The number of dots on each die dictate your options. For example, if you roll a five and a one, you must move a checker five points forward, and a second checker one point forward. To start the game, each player throws a single die. This determines both the player to go first and the numbers to be played. If equal numbers come up, then both players roll again until they roll different numbers. Play a free online Backgammon game against the computer or jump into a Quick Match. Startaufstellung der Blots. Welche Fachbegriffe sollte man bei. Es zeigt ein Brett mit den Steinen in ihrer Startposition. Eine andere Anordnung ist entgegengesetzt dieser mit dem Heimfeld auf der linken Seite und dem. Backgammon ist ein Spiel für zwei Spieler. Jeder Spieler erhält 15 Steine in seiner Farbe (weiss oder braun), die - wie abgebildet - aufgestellt werden. Die Backgammon Aufstellung ist symmetrisch. Gespielt wird mit 15 weissen respektive schwarzen Steinen. Auf dem 1. bzw. Point liegen zwei.
Wie gewinnt man bei Backgammon , bzw. Ein Stein darf hinaus gewürfelt werden, wenn die Punktzahl eines Würfels ausreicht um diesen Stein über den Spielfeldrand zu ziehen.
Man darf einen Teil eines Wurfes oder den ganzen Wurf dazu benutzen, um Steine im inneren Feld weiter zu ziehen, statt sie auszuspielen. Ist ein Wurf geeignet, um einen Stein von einer Spitze auszuspielen, die nicht besetzt ist, so muss dieser Wurf dazu benutzt werden, einen Stein von der höchsten besetzten Spitze zu ziehen.
Der Spieler kann in jedem Fall wählen, welche Augenzahl er zuerst ziehen will. Durch das Ausspielen der Steine können auch einzelne Steine ohne Block stehen.
Hat der gegnerische Spiele noch Steine, welche geschlagen wurden und wieder ins Spiel zurück gespielt werden müssen, ist dies ein potentielles Risiko.
Möchte man diese Situation vermeiden, so gilt es zunächst die eigenen Blots so weit wie möglich im eigenen Feld nach innen zu bewegen, sofern dies möglich ist.
Der Backgammon Aufbau und die Aufstellung bzw. Startaufstellung des Spielbretts ist relativ einfach zu erklären:. Wurden die Blots bzw.
Steine auf das Spielfeld aufgestellt, angeordnet und die Spieler sind bereit das Spiel zu beginnen würfelt jeder Spieler einen Würfel, der Spieler mit der höheren Augenzahl beginnt zu spielen.
Wurde am Anfang ein Pasch gewürfelt, wird erneut gewürfelt, bis ein Spieler eine höhere Augennzahl bei einem Würfel hat. Das Backgammon Set up ist somit abgeschlossen und der Spiel Start kann beginnen.
Die Backgammon Regeln sind denkbar einfach und schnell verinnerlicht. Nachdem das Spielfeld aufgebaut wurde, komm der Beginn: Der Spielstart von Backgammon ist etwas anders als die weiteren Züge.
Um Backgammon zu starten muss um den ersten Zug gewürfelt werden. The backgame is generally used only to salvage a game wherein a player is already significantly behind.
Using a backgame as an initial strategy is usually unsuccessful. For example, players may position all of their blots in such a way that the opponent must roll a 2 in order to hit any of them, reducing the probability of being hit more than once.
Many positions require a measurement of a player's standing in the race, for example, in making a doubling cube decision, or in determining whether to run home and begin bearing off.
The minimum total of pips needed to move a player's checkers around and off the board is called the "pip count".
The difference between the two players' pip counts is frequently used as a measure of the leader's racing advantage. Players often use mental calculation techniques to determine pip counts in live play.
Backgammon is played in two principal variations, "money" and "match" play. Money play means that every point counts evenly and every game stands alone, whether money is actually being wagered or not.
The format has a significant effect on strategy. In a match, the objective is not to win the maximum possible number of points, but rather to simply reach the score needed to win the match.
For example, a player leading a 9-point match by a score of 7—5 would be very reluctant to turn the doubling cube, as their opponent could take and make a costless redouble to 4, placing the entire outcome of the match on the current game.
Conversely, the trailing player would double very aggressively, particularly if they have chances to win a gammon in the current game.
In money play, the theoretically correct checker play and cube action would never vary based on the score. In , Emmet Keeler and Joel Spencer considered the question of when to double or accept a double using an idealized version of backgammon.
In their idealized version, the probability of winning varies randomly over time by Brownian motion , and there are no gammons or backgammons. To reduce the possibility of cheating, most good quality backgammon sets use precision dice and a dice cup.
Online cheating has therefore become extremely difficult. In State of Oregon v. Barr , a court case pivotal to the continued widespread organised playing of backgammon in the US, the State argued that backgammon is a game of chance and that it was therefore subject to Oregon's stringent gambling laws.
Paul Magriel was a key witness for the defence, contradicting Roger Nelson, the expert prosecution witness, by saying, "Game theory, however, really applies to games with imperfect knowledge, where something is concealed, such as poker.
Backgammon is not such a game. Everything is in front of you. The person who uses that information in the most effective manner will win.
Walker concluded that backgammon is a game of skill, not a game of chance, and found the defendant, backgammon tournament director Ted Barr, not guilty of promoting gambling.
Early Muslim scholars forbade backgammon. Enthusiasts have formed clubs for social play of backgammon. A backgammon chouette permits three or more players to participate in a single game, often for money.
One player competes against a team of all the other participants, and positions rotate after each game. Chouette play often permits the use of multiple doubling cubes.
Backgammon clubs may also organize tournaments. Large club tournaments sometimes draw competitors from other regions, with final matches viewed by hundreds of spectators.
Winners at major tournaments may receive prizes of tens of thousands of dollars. Starting in January , tournament directors began awarding GammonPoints,  a free points registry for tournament directors and players, with GammonPoint awards based on the number of players and strength of field.
The first world championship competition in backgammon was held in Las Vegas , Nevada in Tim Holland was declared the winner that year and at the tournament the following year.
For unknown reasons, there was no championship in , but in , Tim Holland again won the title. In , Lewis Deyong, who had promoted the Bahamas World Championship for the prior three years, suggested that the two events be combined.
By the 21st century, the largest international tournaments had established the basis of a tour for top professional players.
Major tournaments are held yearly worldwide. PartyGaming sponsored the first World Series of Backgammon in from Cannes and later the "Backgammon Million" tournament held in the Bahamas in January with a prize pool of one million dollars, the largest for any tournament to date.
The event was recorded for television in Europe and aired on Eurosport. In , the WBA collaborated with the online backgammon provider Play65 for the season of the European Backgammon Tour and with "Betfair" in When backgammon is played for money , the most common arrangement is to assign a monetary value to each point, and to play to a certain score, or until either player chooses to stop.
The stakes are raised by gammons, backgammons, and use of the doubling cube. Backgammon is sometimes available in casinos. Before the commercialization of artificial neural network programs, proposition bets on specific positions were very common among backgammon players and gamblers.
The game is included in Clubhouse Games: 51 Worldwide Classics for the Nintendo Switch , a collection of tabletop games.
Backgammon software has been developed not only to play and analyze games, but also to facilitate play between humans over the internet.
Dice rolls are provided by random or pseudorandom number generators. Real-time online play began with the First Internet Backgammon Server in July ,   but there are now a range of options,  many of which are commercial.
Backgammon has been studied considerably by computer scientists. Neural networks and other approaches have offered significant advances to software for gameplay and analysis.
The first strong computer opponent was BKG 9. Early versions of BKG played badly even against poor players, but Berliner noticed that its critical mistakes were always at transitional phases in the game.
He applied principles of fuzzy logic to improve its play between phases, and by July , BKG 9. It won the match 7—1, becoming the first computer program to defeat a world champion in any board game.
Berliner stated that the victory was largely a matter of luck, as the computer received more favorable dice rolls. In the late s, backgammon programmers found more success with an approach based on artificial neural networks.
Its neural network was trained using temporal difference learning applied to data generated from self-play. Tesauro proposed using rollout analysis to compare the performance of computer algorithms against human players.
The rollout score of the human or the computer is the difference of the average game results by following the selected move versus following the best move, then averaged for the entire set of taken moves.
The strength of these programs lies in their neural networks' weights tables, which are the result of months of training. Without them, these programs play no better than a human novice.
For the bearoff phase, backgammon software usually relies on a database containing precomputed equities for all possible bearoff positions.
Computer-versus-computer competitions are also held at Computer Olympiad events. The artifacts included two dice and 60 checkers, and the set is believed to be to years older than the Royal Game of Ur.
On the board found at Shahr-e Sukhteh, the fields are represented by the coils of a snake. Seizure warnings Photosensitive seizure warning. Report this product Report this game to Microsoft Thanks for reporting your concern.
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How you found the violation and any other useful info. Submit Cancel. After the first roll, the players throw two dice and alternate turns.
The roll of the dice indicates how many points, or pips , the player is to move his checkers. The checkers are always moved forward, to a lower-numbered point.
The following rules apply: A checker may be moved only to an open point , one that is not occupied by two or more opposing checkers.
The numbers on the two dice constitute separate moves. For example, if a player rolls 5 and 3, he may move one checker five spaces to an open point and another checker three spaces to an open point, or he may move the one checker a total of eight spaces to an open point, but only if the intermediate point either three or five spaces from the starting point is also open.
Figure 3. Two ways that White can play a roll of. Hitting and Entering. A point occupied by a single checker of either color is called a blot.
If an opposing checker lands on a blot, the blot is hit and placed on the bar. Any time a player has one or more checkers on the bar, his first obligation is to enter those checker s into the opposing home board.
A checker is entered by moving it to an open point corresponding to one of the numbers on the rolled dice. For example, if a player rolls 4 and 6, he may enter a checker onto either the opponent's four point or six point, so long as the prospective point is not occupied by two or more of the opponent's checkers.
Figure 4. If White rolls with a checker on the bar, he must enter the checker onto Red's four point since Red's six point is not open.
If neither of the points is open, the player loses his turn. Candy Fruit Mania Free. Marble Bubble Shoot Free. What's new in this version Enjoy a new design and user experience!
Features Easy to learn gameplay One and two player modes Doubling cube and Crawford rule Neural network AI provides 4 difficulty modes Customize your themes and piece colors.
Approximate size Age rating For all ages. Category Strategy. This app can Access your Internet connection Microsoft.